Definitive Guide To Anti Ageing Techniques


The Definitive Guide to Anti Ageing Techniques takes you through types of ageing our attitude towards them, followed by cause and effect and the different ways to counter it. In this age of fast paced living and with any number of demands made on us everyday, it’s a recipe for ill health and chronic conditions if not an early death.

So what can we do about all these stresses and strains in our busy lives to counter the negative effects of lack of sleep, stress, poor diets, and continuing insecurity with our private and professional lives? This is about changing from the inside out to reset the clock.

Turn On, Tune In, & Drop Out

The phrase was first coined by Timothy Leary as apart of a counter culture advocating waking from the trappings of the modern western industrial world and take back self control, and gain self fulfillment.  Although this is not the meaning I propose for this article, it does say something about how we need to change the way we think about our health.

Long story short, we do need to stop and look hard at how we live and treat ourselves from what we eat to how we think about our lives and priorities. If I was to tell you the single most important issue in modern life was ‘diet’ would you take it seriously or assume I was trying to sell you a diet plan?

If you can Turn on, tune in , and drop out of your ‘set in stone mindset’, I promise I can open your eyes to a better way of living from what we eat to how we live and prosper. This will be a journey of discovery and reinvention that will help you live healthier, happier, longer, active lives, with the help of some changes to your lifestyle where I will invite you to eat yourself younger, exercise to be happy, and understand what you need, and what you absolutely do not need to live a healthy happy life.

Types of Ageing
-Genetic Ageing
-Environmental Ageing

Cultural Attitude Towards Ageing

Main Causes Of Ageing
-Hormonal Decrease
-Sun Damage

Resulting Symptoms Of Ageing
-Compromised Immune System
-Cardiovascular Disease
-Mental Health
-High Blood Pressure
-Weight Gain or Loss

Compromised Immune System
-Your Skin
-Your Bone Marrow
-Your Spleen
-Your Tonsils
-Your Lymph Nodes
-Your Endocrine System

Body Parts Effected By Age
-Bones, Joints Muscles
-Digestive System

Mitigation & Treatments
Men’s Health
Women’s Health
Anti Aging
Skin Care
Sexual Health
-The Take Away

The Journey Starts Here



Put simply, this is the limitation cells are created with allowing only a finite number of re generations.

Maturing is the progressive physiological change in any organism leading to senescence, which is the decline of biological functions effecting the organism’s ability to adapt to metabolic stress. The ageing process takes place at a cellular level with the passage of time in every species. Thus hard coding a life history or biological inheritance, where individual life span has an appropriate relationship to their reproductive life span, and to the mechanism of reproduction.

So basically, ageing is the progressive change in an organism leading to the increased risk of debility, disease, and death over time.

Although imprinted with their own self destruct sequence, it’s important to understand there is a relation to external physical factors such as diet and the exposure to disease-causing organisms. This leads science to believe future advances will bring the ability to prolong life at the cellular level, essentially reversing the ageing process.


Not directly connected to genetic ageing, although a relationship between the two does exist in that cells can be effected by external forces as mentioned previously.

We mature there are increasing environmental risks to health. The accumulated a lifetime of environmental and occupational contaminants build up to toxic levels. This can go some way to explain the increase of chronic conditions in the older population.

We see age-related diseases and think it is simply the ageing process but the truth lies below the surface. Looking closer we can see that the risk factors for diseases such as cancer, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disorders become clear.

Among the many factors that affect the aging process are environmental pollutants and chemicals that adversely effects humans over time and of course we have lifestyle choices that adversely effect health. Diets of fast food, processed and chemical laden foods and sugars are responsible for cancer, heart disease and diabetes to name but a few.

Chinese Medicine


Through history the Chinese traditional has focused upon herbology, acupuncture, dietary therapy, tai chi, and tui na.

Herbology is the theory of traditional Chinese herbal therapy, that accounts for the majority of treatments in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). It’s interesting to note that the term herbology is somewhat misleading due to the fact other substances are utilized other than plant life, namely animal, human, and mineral products, so of which are poisonous.

Considered a pseudoscience in the west, acupuncture exists in a number of variants originating in different philosophies but it’s a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Mainly employed to treat pain or chronic conditions, thin needles are inserted into the body at targeted areas.

Dietary therapy” or “food therapy” may sound like a fad but it’s becoming more and more clear that what we eat is the single most important issue to consider when addressing health. The Chinese food therapy seems to be way ahead of the curve here, introducing a mode of dieting promoting eating in moderation.

For now, we in West society are only just becoming accustomed to this idea. Slowly, science-based dietary modification to treat and prevent disease are becoming accepted by more and more people.

Tai chi, although commonly understood as a fitness exercise is primarily an internal Chinese martial art practiced for defense training, as well as meditation. Conceptually Tai chi is a term relating to the Chinese cosmological idea of dynamic relationship between polarities or yin and yang.

yin and yang

Interestingly, although it was organically conceived as a martial art, Tai chi has evolved in to a worldwide discipline practiced by individuals for health reasons, to competitive wrestling in the format of pushing hands (tui shou). Often used in conjunction with acupuncture, many flavors of Tai chi now exist, but still, all forms can be traced back to one of the five traditional schools: Chen, Yang, Wu (Hao), Wu and Sun.

Tui Na is another branch of traditional Chinese Medicine born out of martial arts. This again, is used in conjunction with acupuncture, moxibustion, fire cupping, Chinese herbalism. This is a hands-on treatment based on Daoist principles that attempts to bring the eight principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine into balance.

The treatment involves brushing, kneading, rolling, pressing and rubbing the areas between joints in order to motivate the body’s defensive chi (Wei Qi)which means releasing energy moving in the meridians and the muscles.

Greek Medicine


Ancient Greeks believed health was affected by the four humors, geographic location, social class, diet, trauma, beliefs, and mindset. Ironically, with the exception of the humors and beliefs, these very same issues ring true to day.

We will leave the subjects of geographic location, social class, diet, trauma, and mindset aside for the moment. We know these are very real issues in the modern world. We look at the concept of the humors. The theory of the four humors referring to blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile, was the basis of ancient Greek medicine that saw the imbalance of the humors as a cause of illness.

Additionally, the ancient world believed illness was a direct result “divine punishments” and recovery a “gift” from the Gods.

While the humors and divinity may have been something of a misdirection, modern medicine still owes a great deal to ancient Greece. For example, Hippocrates, the “Father of Modern Medicine” created a medical school documenting scores of illnesses in the Hippocratic Corpus and developed the Hippocratic Oath known to modern physicians today.

Roman Medicine


Roman baths

Greatly influenced by Greek Medicine of Dioscorides and Galen, Roman Medicine combined various techniques, different tools, methodology, and ingredients. The creation of specializations such as ophthalmology and urology for example, saw advances in medicine and the birth of surgical procedures using instruments such as forceps, scalpels and catheters.

While basing much of their knowledge on naturalistic observations there was still a school of thought that embraced the idea of famines and plagues being punishment from the gods, that could only be alleviate by appeasement.

Indeed, it was something of a mixed bag when it came to the idea of a universal truth in medicine. This was a time when the idea of “Miasma” or foul smell, was seen as the cause of diseases, regardless of its true cause such as famine, war, or plague.  At the same time Galen was becoming knowledgeable in human anatomy by practicing dissecting cadavers and animals.

Egyptian Medicine


Ancient Egyptians are renowned for their highly advanced society including medicine that is thought to have influenced later traditions including the Greeks.

Nearly 3000 years BC the Egyptians had a diet we would recognize today. Evidence of a balanced and moderated diet showing wheat and barley as a primary crop producing a variety of bread products and beers. A wide variety of fruit, vegetable, fish and meat were widely consumed, as were dairy products.

With knowledge of a balanced diet for health the Ancient Egyptians also had knowledge of medical remedies such as ointments, wrappings and oral medication such as pills. Treatments include cannabis and other distinct plant products as well as animal faeces.

Through the examination of mummies we know the ancient Egyptians had some knowledge of human anatomy, as well as blood circulation and could distinguish between blood vessels, tendons, and nerves. Indeed, staying healthy in a ancient Egypt meant washing and shaving to prevent infections. Eating raw foods like fish or other animals considered unclean.

European Medicine


Unfortunately medieval medicine in Western Europe was not particularly advanced, instead relying of a mix of existing ideas from antiquity. The middle ages saw the European model using surviving Greek and Roman texts preserved in monasteries. The general view that sickness was caused by sin or destiny, hope was placed in God and the church.

Moving into the second half of the medieval period circa 1100-1500 AD, illnesses and disease was no longer attributed to sinful behavior but to natural causes. This became a basis for theoretical knowledge institutionalized in universities.

Europe was a melting pot of medical theory; form Hippocratic medicine, Greek Temple healing, Pagan and folk traditions of humoralism, herbalism, and monastery texts. Not until the Renaissance of the 12th century when Ancient Greek and Islamic medical texts were translated from Arabic did real progress take place.

Hormonal Decrease

Decrease of Estrogen in Women

The drop in the hormone estrogen in women can happen for a number of reasons the main one being menopause or perimenopause. Other causes are excessive exercise, eating disorders such as anorexia, low-functioning pituitary gland, premature ovarian failure, which can result from genetic defects. Toxins, or an autoimmune condition Turner syndrome, or even chronic kidney disease are also contributory factors.

In women it is the job of Estrogen to trigger puberty, control the growth of the uterine lining, grow breasts and produce milk during pregnancy. It it responsible for bone and cholesterol metabolism and regulates body weight, glucose metabolism, and insulin sensitivity.

With a lowered level of Estrogen women can experience uncomfortable sex due to a dryness, an increase in urinary tract infections (UTIs), irregular or even absent periods, mood swings and hot flashes.

It’s common to have breast tenderness, headaches, depression, fatigue and trouble concentrating, and in extreme cases a decreased in bone density leading to brittle bones.


Estrogen deficiency in women between the ages of 25 to 50 can result in the risk of bone loss, cardiovascular disease, and other hormonal imbalances, so depending on the severity of the condition HRT can be administered:


This long-term therapy is offered to women approaching menopause or following a hysterectomy, but under any other circumstances this is only offered for one to two year due increased your risk of cancer.

Decrease of Testosterone in Men

Testosterone in men is responsible for sexual features, muscle mass, low voice, hair growth, red blood cells, bone density, sense of well-being, and reproductive function. The decrease of testosterone levels can be caused by a long list of possible problems ranging from menopause, injury, chemotherapy, alcohol abuse, kidney failure, obesity, weight loss and everything in-between.

Men suffering from low testosterone can see symptoms such as erectile dysfunction, reduced bone mass and sex drive, fatigue and mood changes, hair loss. Probably the most common worry is erectile dysfunction which can be caused by other problems in addition to low testosterone. These include smoking, thyroid-related issues, high cholesterol, stress or anxiety, diabetes and high blood pressure.

If this isn’t enough other symptoms include reduced testicle size and the amount of semen produced, difficulty sleeping, host flashes, decreased in energy levels and increase in body fat.


The treatment for low testosterone is testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) if the patience is exhibiting several of the associated symptoms. There are a number of ways to deliver the treatment that include skin patches, gels, tablets that dissolve in the mouth, injections, and surgically implanted pellets that release the hormone over time. In general TRT can be seen to work after 4–6 weeks of starting the treatment.

Luckily, for men suffering low testosterone that do not qualify for the TRT there are some natural ways to boost levels. The first approach is to start on a nutrient-rich diet, exercise to loose weight and naturally increase testosterone levels. This life style change may not provide the level of testosterone desired but it’s a good start and will never do anything but good.

The nutrient rich diet that can help you should include beef, oysters, fortified cereals, eggs, tuna, milk enriched with vitamin D, beans and shellfish if possible.

Sun Damage

Sun Damage

The sun throws UVA, UVB and UVC rays at the earth, the UVA rays that cause tanning as well as wrinkles and other signs of ageing, and the UVB rays responsible for skin cancer and sunburn reach the earth, while UVC rays are absorbed by the atmosphere.

Obviously the sun and UV rays are more powerful during the summer months so through these months it’s best to take action to avoid the rays. As the UV rays reach the skin they come into contact with our first line of defense, melanin. This chemical absorbs UV rays in order to shield your skin against sun damage and in the process gives us a tan. Unfortunately, these UV rays damage the elastic fibers that keep skin firm, allowing wrinkles to develop.

Over time with repeated exposure these UV rays start to damage the skin creating fine lines and wrinkles. Continued exposure will see the appearance of age spots, freckles and other discolorations like tough leathery skin and in serious cases, scaly red patches called actinic keratoses, which are thought to be the beginnings of skin cancer.

We are in constant danger of numerous types of skin cancer including life-threatening melanoma as well as eye damage in the form of cataracts. While this is bad news there is some good news because the premature ageing caused by UV rays is preventable by the use of sunscreen.

Wearing sunscreen factor 15+ every day and avoiding direct sunlight during the hottest hours of the day where possible, or just wearing clothes with a built-in SPF will see exposure good right down. Finally, never use tanning beds or actively seek the sun at the beach without protection. If you are looking to get a tan the safest way is to use a fake tan product.


It’s now considered a distinct possibility that environmental pollutants could impact signs of aging at a cellular level. Research has linked some environmental pollutants with premature aging such as wrinkles and age spots, and in serious cases diseases and decreased life span.

But is it really possible to detect accelerated ageing at the cellular level in healthy people exposed to pollutants?

The science stuff goes like this…

There are two ‘Hallmarks’ of cellular ageing known as Mitochondrial DNA content and Telomere length. It is suggested in research that some environmental pollutants cause Mitochondria which is the cell’s powerhouse to release more reactive oxygen species, damaging the DNA, leading to inflammation.

The Telomeres, the DNA-protein caps on the ends of chromosomes responsible for cell division are also sensitive to stress, the shorter telomeres a sign of aging, and abnormally long telomeres a sign of cancer.

So reading between the lines it sounds like environmental pollutants can damage the cells to the point that they age prematurely, stop dividing and replicating healthy cells to produce cancer cells.


Skin is constantly regenerating itself because it is constantly under attack from the sun and the environment at large, therefore it needs both nutrition and protection. Sun protection is one thing but the correct nutrition will help protect your skin and your whole body for life.

It’s a good start cutting out junk food and consuming foods with the vitamins needed for good health such as antioxidants like vitamin C and E, as well as vitamin A and the B vitamin biotin. But there is more to it than that and it gets complicated if you let it.

Let me throw some well known health ideas at you….Paleo Diet, Low-Carb, Dukan Diet, Atkins Diet! What does it all mean?

We are constantly bombarded with conflicting advise on diets and nutrition. We see experts frequently change their minds about what is good, bad or indifferent, but how can this be? Did you know that the vast proportion of illness in American today is directly caused by poor nutrition?

And did you know that Doctors in general will only receive around 20 hours of training dedicated to nutrition through out their training? And this training is based on out-dated theory.

If you consider diet is the major cause of illness then why is healthcare ignoring this reality? Could it be because there is no financial motivations when Big Food and Big Pharma prefer to sell addictive junk foods, then sell medication to treat illness caused by poor diet?

I am not here to expose or out anyone or anything. What I am here to do is give you a fresh perspective and a better direction to head towards, so let’s dive in.

My Quest.

I have been researching diets and anti-ageing since reach my 50th birthday day and it’s been an eye opener I promise. What I have found has astounded me into action and it’s this excitement I what to pass on to you. I will give you a brief insight and suggest some reading and documentary material so you can make your own mind up but for now, here are my findings.

Diets, vegan, vegetarian, whatever….They are all a variation on a theme and that’s the problem because they don’t consider the simply truth…We are eating incorrectly. What do I mean? Bear with me here.

First things first, I am not proposing any single diet plan, on the contrary, I am proposing eating what you want in order to live a healthy life and all we need to do is shift our mindset slightly. I promise you can eat junk if you want but you may not want to.

Consider the Lion and consider the Gorilla. When we are told we and meat eaters we are often compared to an animal like a Lion but it’s odd that we would liken ourselves to a big cat. Would it not be more sensible to compare a human to the Gorilla as it’s more like us. Stay with me….If you can accept that humans are more like the Gorilla than a Lion, then ask yourself this. If the lion eats then spends its day sleeping its dinner off, and the Gorilla eats only vegetation but has boundless strength and energy. How is this happening?

Perhaps it’s because these animals are eating the food they are designed to eat? If you an then accept that human anatomy is more like that of the Gorilla in terms of digestive system and teeth, isn’t it possible humans are more adapted to a none meat diet? Okay, now you think I am telling you to be a vegetarian, but I’m not. It’s just an attempt at illustrating how over the decades humans have been told to believe in just one way of consuming food by those with most to gain.

The short story is that we are eating a lot of processed foods with empty calories, and we have become hopelessly addicted to fast easy harmful foods, that in turn cause Diabetes, Cancer, Heart Disease and much more . The way out of this mess is to cook fresh foods and have variety, but how do we start?

To start cooking and living in a healthy fashion we just need to understand what we need.

-No proceeded products
-Only whole products, nothing that is an extraction
-Fresh veg and fruit
-Beans and Pulses
-Limited Dairy
-Limited Meat
-No additional oils or cooked oils

It’s important to note that even one of my reference materials advocates never to eat anything that had a face or came for anything with a face, meaning totally vegan. But, the second reference material advocates eating anything you like so long as you get the healthy stuff too. This idea is something called the junk margin where you can eat anything.

In my view the only real way forward to get as many people on board as possible. This will only be possible by offering something easy to adopt and not too restrictive, and for me, that is a mixed and varied diet born out my research and experience.

These two references are really good and I recommend you investigate both and perhaps do it in this order;
1.Amazon Prime documentary; “Foods that Cure Disease
2.Book; Allen Carr’s ‘Lose Weight Now-The easy Way


Drinking…. It’s great fun most of the time, right? This subject is particularly difficult for me because I have been brought up with liberal attitudes towards drinking and enjoy different types of drinks. Sadly however, it’s time for me to face the reality of the situation as I find myself in my 50’s.

We all know the fun aspects of drinking, the fun, the pleasure, the social bonding, but take things too far and the cracks start to show.

Alcohol is linked to age in a number of ways especially if it’s abused, but what about general use over time?

Well, as we age we generally have less water in our body and seek liquids less often so add alcohol into the mix and we are looking at excessive dehydration. This is a problem for internal organs and of course the skin as we age. The older we get the thinner and drier the skin will become through natural process called intrinsic ageing, which in itself is sped up by lifestyle and environmental pollutants.

More seriously than looking older before your time are the real medical dangers. Let’s look at sleepless nights which seems somewhat askew because most people would associate drinking with falling asleep more easily, but this is not the case. It’s especially difficult for seniors who will naturally sleep less.

We also need to consider the weakening of the Immune system that usually fights off life threatening illness. For example, research suggests the possibility that alcoholic liver disease might be in part at least caused by the immune system attacking healthy body tissues.  At the same time alcohol can effect the vital organs like kidneys and liver making them work harder and faster, and subsequently ageing those organs quicker. Although it’s known that a small amounts of red wine containing antioxidants called polyphenols can lower cholesterol, too much can can lead to an abnormal heartbeat and high blood pressure.

We’ve all heard the expression about that drink ‘going straight to my head’. Unfortunately long term drinking does shrink brain cells leading to alcohol related brain damage that effects judgment, organization,emotional, focus, and anger suppression.

Overall, a life time of drinking can complicate health issues as we age, so although it seems like a winding confusing road full of horror, the main thing to take away from this is….. enjoy a drink but don’t abuse alcohol for prolonged periods. If you look after your body, your body will look after you.


With so many reasons not to smoke it’s surprising people are still doing it. Granted it’s not as widespread as it was 20 years ago and it now seems unusual to see someone smoking, but it’s still happening. If we forget all the other associated problems with smoking we can look at premature skin ageing due to smoking.

There is such a thing as ‘smokers face’ caused by decreased blood flow to the face and damage from the toxic chemicals in smoke. This is in addition to smokers’ squint caused by the squint as a reaction to smoke getting in the smokers’ eyes. Now we have crow’s feet around the eyes, droopy skin around the eyelids, then there is the wrinkled lips caused by constant puckering up to take a drag.

All in all there seems no good reason to smoke at all. It smells, it ages the skin, it gives you cancer. The sooner a smoker stops the better.


Sleep is the enemy of ageing. A good sleep regime will keep you youthful and refreshed but losing sleep has a cascading effect of health leading to insomnia or other related issues.  Amazingly it’s recommended 7 to 9 hours of sleep nightly but I don’t know any adult that can manage that kind of slumber.

Whatever the number is, if you don’t get enough it can be draining, leaving you feeling mentally exhausted and even runs the risk of real physical health problems like weight gain to a weakened immune system. During sleep the body goes through a process of physical self healing rests the brain and seats new memories. If these important jobs are not carried out, the body and mind suffers the consequences.

If you are suffering from sleep deprivation it’s going to make you tired, irritable, unable to concentrate, making the working day much harder to get through. Indeed lack of sleep is responsible for a number of complaints from anxiety, depression, paranoia, suicidal thoughts in extreme cases, and can cause hallucinations and trigger mania in people who have bipolar disorder.

It’s also understood lack of sleep effects the Immune system making a suffer prone to illness and potentially, an early death.

Treating Sleeplessness is getting more sleep but obviously that’s not so easy. So ways to try to help sleep are;

-Avoid daytime naps
-No caffeine after noon
-Routine- Go to bed and wake up at the same time everyday
-Relaxing activities, such as reading, meditating, or taking a bath
-No heavy meals two hours before bedtime
-No electronic devices before bed
-Exercising regularly


There is nothing to say apart from just do it! Put in the effort and you will reap the rewards a 100 fold.

Any activity is better than nothing so just choose something you may be able to complete and build on. Swimming, walking, running, cycling, home workout, all give you a cardiovascular work out, energize you making you feel positive helping to prolonging your life.

For those who are looking for a little more, weight lifting and strength training will burn fat, build muscle and release testosterone making your workout more like an ant-ageing routine.

Anyone who has broken their programming and finally got into a healthy routine know it’s not easy to make these changes. But once you have got this and made it a habit there’s not looking back, right? One suggestion for those people who say “the mind is willing be the flesh is weak” try to set aside a time and place to do your workout at the same time of day to produce a routine.

Once you start doing this on a regular basis you will see a difference in your strength, appearance, attitude and also find that you can sleep better. It’s a win win situation.

Compromised Immune System

A compromised immune system or immunocompromised means the immune system built around B lymphocytes and T lymphocytes responsible for fighting infections is reduce in its ability to protect you.

Immunocompromised is caused by a number of conditions from cancer, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, lung disease, high blood pressure, AIDS, diabetes, malnutrition and certain genetic disorders. Moreover, the condition can be caused by anticancer drugs, radiation therapy, and stem cell or organ transplant.

Signs that someone might have immunocompromised will be a frequent and reoccurring serious infections such as pneumonia, blood disorder, bronchitis, or delayed growth. If you suspect you could have such a condition please contact a healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

Life with Immunocompromised is a mirror image of lock-down during the covid-19 pandemic. It is confinement at home to avoid crowds and all public areas that can possibly be dangerous to someone who can not fight inflections.

Most definitely avoid cruise trips that are hot beds of disease as we have seen throughout the covid-19 pandemic. Additionally, as we have heard before taking the correct supplements will help general health, so for sufferers of immunocompromised taking vitamin C, vitamin D and a good multivitamin can bolster the immune systems.

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the U.S. but it’s not just one disease that we need to watch out for but a family of conditions effecting the heart with deadly results. So Cardiovascular disease has various forms and various causes but what are the main forms to look out for, and how can we protect ourselves against this killer?

The family of conditions is shockingly long and reads like this;

Atherosclerosis (hardened arteries)
-Abnormal Heart Rhythms
-Aorta Disease and Marfan Syndrome
-Congenital Heart Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
-Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
-Heart Failure
-Heart Valve Disease
-Rheumatic Heart Disease

The symptoms of each of these conditions is unique and complex but let’s take a 10,000 feet high view.

-Atherosclerosis (hardened arteries)
Atherosclerosis or hardened arteries effecting the connective tissue weakening your blood vessel walls.

-Abnormal Heart Rhythms
With Abnormal Heart Rhythms a normal healthy heart rhythm beats about 60 to 100 times each minute, with arrhythmia or abnormal heartbeat, the heart beats unevenly either too slow or too fast.

-Aorta Disease and Marfan Syndrome
With Aorta Disease and Marfan Syndrome the large aorta artery that supplies oxygen-rich blood to the body has cause to widen or tear.

Cardiomyopathies or enlarged heart causing the stiffening of the heart muscle which in turn can’t pump blood well which can lead to heart failure. It can be hereditary or caused by high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, metabolic diseases, or infections.

-Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Disease maybe caused by genes of exposure to viral infections, alcohol, or drugs before birth and effects 8 out of every 1,000 children.

-Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary Artery Disease or atherosclerosis is when plaque builds up hardening arteries that supply the heart with vital oxygen and nutrients.

-Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism
Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism is a blood clot in the deep veins in the legs which are potentially break free and travel in the blood to the lungs or heart blocking blood flow.

-Heart Failure
Affecting 6.5 million people in the United States Heart Failure suggests a complete stoppage of the heart but in reality this means the heart is working but not strong enough, causing the body to retain salt and water, in turn causing swelling and shortness of breath.

-Heart Valve Disease
Heart Valve Disease or Aortic stenosis sees the aortic valve narrow to restrict blood flow to the heart and the rest of the body.

Pericarditis often caused by infection is a rare condition describing the lining surrounding your heart becomes inflamed.

-Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic Heart Disease most common in children caused by rheumatic fever and can damage heart valves.

One of the leading causes of disability and death in the United States a stroke can happen if an artery becomes blocked or a blood vessel bursts. This  means the brain doesn’t receive oxygen or nutrients. Immediate treatment is required to reduce damage and risk of death.

Like so many other health issues, and as we have suggested in previous paragraphs, food and nutrition is the single most important issue of our time. Poor nutrition and worse still, dangerous foods, are causing illness in great numbers and cardiovascular disease is a perfect example of how modern life is killing people in large numbers.

Cardiovascular diseases can differ and so too can then treatments, but the big take away from this is prevention is always better than cure. While it’s the case some cardiovascular disease treatments require medical intervention such as surgery, this is mainly due to long term health issues which is the last chance saloon. Better to preempt this situation by making lifestyle changes like your good diet, safe exercise, reduced alcohol use, and no tobacco. And you can take that to the bank!

Mental Health

The condition of someones mental health becomes both more relevant and more likely a cause for concern as the years progress. This is not because of any one particular event or illness, more a marriage or years of wear and tear on the mental and physical stability including genetics, family, work, lifestyle and environmental pressures upon the individual.

If we accept that years of family, job stress, and possible illness must take its toll upon both the body and equally the mind. Then it’s not difficult to see how as we age our mental health becomes more and more important.

Life and biochemical processes, basic brain structure and nutrition as always plays a significant role in the outcome of our mental health as we age. Some of the common disorders include;

-Anxiety disorders
Bipolar disorder
Borderline personality disorders
-Major depressive disorders
Dissociative disorders
-Obsessive compulsive disorders
-Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
-Schizoaffective disorders
-Substance abuse

Common treatments consist of psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), self-help, stress-management, and medications like antidepressants.


The most common mental illnesses among adults in particular ageing adults are depression and anxiety, which is not to say the individual simply feels down or excessively nervous. In adults of a certain age this is an additional element and serious complication to an otherwise serious condition such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer, dementia, parkinson’s disease, or other life changing dysfunction.

These older sufferers will often complain of psychosomatic symptoms of persistent aches or pains, cramps, or digestive problems that refuses to respond to treatment. Unfortunately depression is something of a under-recognized and under-treated illness, which can in itself can often make things worse, delaying patient’s recovery from other conditions.

Treatments can vary depending on the patients requirements from palliative care to adjustments to prescribed medications switching to different antidepressants or adjusting current dosages. Other treatment such as changes in their routine or care plan can help, but it’s often seen that seniors can be stubborn when it comes to changes in routine.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension is a common condition and may not sound particularly dangerous, but the long-term the force of the blood against your artery walls can be high enough that it may eventually cause heart disease including heart attack and stroke.

Hypertension comes in two flavors, as Primary which does not seem to have any identifiable cause, and Secondary hypertension, caused by a wide variety of underlying conditions, most of them quite scary illustrated here.

Obstructive sleep apnea
-Kidney problems
-Adrenal gland tumors
-Thyroid problems
-Defective blood vessels
-Medications-birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers and some -prescription drugs
-Illegal drugs-cocaine and amphetamines

Other risk factors include Age, Family history, Physically inactivity, Smoking, Too much Salt, Too little Potassium, Drinking, Stress, Kidney disease, Diabetes

Treatments can vary from medication to lifestyle changes such as taking less coffee, no smoking, no drinking, more sleeping, distressing with CBT or Hypnotherapy or other self help methods.


Insomnia is the common and advanced state of sleeplessness making it hard to sleep, difficult to remain asleep, and causes you to wake easily and early.

The amount of sleep needed depends on the individual but 8 hours is a number many medical staff suggest is right. Although I challenge this number because nobody other than a teenager can take that much sleep. Acute or short term insomnia is experienced by many adults, acute lasting for days or weeks at a time, whereas chronic insomnia can last years resulting in associated conditions.

If someone is suffering from insomnia they will experience restless nights resulting in daytime tiredness, irritability, depression, anxiety, lack attention. Also difficulty focusing on tasks or remembering details, increased errors or accidents, and ongoing worries about lack of sleep.

Often caused by stress the medical profession insist sleepless nights can be changed with a few simple changes to habits and lifestyle.  Apparently if a person sufferers from insomnia the following list can help in getting better sleep.

-Bedtime and wake time should be consistent
-Stay active exercise
-Check any medications -Do they contribute to insomnia.
-Avoid daytime naps.
-Avoid or limit caffeine and alcohol, and nicotine.
-Avoid large meals and beverages before bedtime.


Stress in normal and stress in it’s initial form is a positive motivator pushing ambitious people forward to greatness. But when this force for good becomes unmanageable to a point where it gets in the way of progress, and stops someone in their tracks this distress. This is the flavor of stress we are referring to when things are going wrong.

This normal psychological and physical reaction to the demands of life is stress that helps us complete the daily challenges like sitting through a boring meeting, being stuck in traffic or spilling coffee over white pants. These things are sent to test us, right? Unfortunately there are times when this natural reaction starts to work against us, when sudden stress is calling your fight or flight reaction to action when it’s seemingly unnecessary.

Usually, this is happening when the level of stress has surpassed your level of acceptance slowly turning positive stress into negative distress. The condition can lead to additional associated conditions such as high blood pressure, weight gain or lose, and if left unchecked can lead to serious health issues.

The good news is that simple lifestyle techniques can help bring these feelings of stress into perspective allowing you to get back on track.

Depending on the individual involved there are many ways to de-stress in a healthy way from exercising at home or in the Gym, to taking up a sport, running, swimming, or other hobbies that capture the imagination. Taking exercise for example will clear the mind, release endorphins and promote good quality sleep.

Alternative options for distressing could be taking up Yoga or Tai Chi in a group or alone. These activities help to bring your mind and body to a state of relaxation and well-being. To help in this pursuit there are also some well known herbs that promote well-being such as Chamomile, Kava Root,  Lavender, Theanine, Valerian.

Weight Gain or Loss

Weight gain or loss can be caused by a number of reasons from stress, insomnia, depression and age due to the reduction of testosterone in men and estrogen in women, but there are ways to keep things in check.

For someone under stress or in ill health for any number of conditions it’s important to recognize the situation and try to offset the negatives. If you can’t eat well try to eat small amounts of healthy food, or if you are attempting to comfort eat, please try to recognize this and take action. Realize that eating when not hungry will not resolve the feelings of discomfort or unhappiness, and again try substituting poor quality food for a healthy alternative.

Regardless of the cause of your discomfort try to recognize situation by utilizing some of these management techniques.

1.Recognize the warning signs of stress, such as anxiety, irritability and muscle tension.
2.Ask yourself why you’re eating?
3.Ask yourself what are you eating?
4.Eating while not hungry will not satisfy anything. Find another distraction.
5.Eat with regularity and include fruit and veg.
6.Eat whole grains – Nothing that is an extract.
7.Identify comfort foods and bin them.
8.Practice relaxation skills, such as yoga, stretching, massage, deep breathing or meditation.
9.Engage in regular physical exercise.
10.Get sleep.


Impotency or erectile dysfunction occurs for numerous reason both physical and psychological resulting in the inability to get or maintain and erection, or ejaculate on a consistent basis. It’s estimated 30 million Americans experience ED according to the Urology Care Foundation.

Clearly this is going to have a negative effect on the individuals sex life and that of their partner, but before treating the condition it’s necessary to understand its cause.

Physically the Endocrine system can have an effect on this area of life. It’s the Endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate metabolism, sexual function, reproduction, mood, so it’s the first place to look. Another major cause of ED is Diabetes which is an endocrine disease affecting the production of insulin, which in itself can cause impotency. This is also due to nerve damage associated with chronic diabetes effecting the penis’s sensitivity plus impaired blood flow and hormone levels.

Several other Neurological and nerve disorders can increase the risk for impotence due to the inability of the brain to communicate with the reproductive system, preventing an erection.

These Neurological nightmares include
Alzheimer’s disease
Parkinson’s disease
-Brain or Spinal tumors
Multiple sclerosis
Temporal lobe epilepsy
-Prostate surgery

Unfortunately some prescribed medication can cause ED, but never stop taking medication without speaking to your healthcare provider;

Alpha-adrenergic blockers
-Cancer chemotherapy medications
-Central nervous system (CNS) depressants
-CNS stimulants
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
-Synthetic hormones

As always there are lifestyle choices that effect the condition so steer clear of cocaine, amphetamines and alcohol to be sure, and the old enemy depression, anxiety and performance anxiety can ruin your day.

There are some treatments and natural remedies to investigate. For example, there’s a variety of medical interventions known to help the condition.
-Testosterone replacement therapy
Vascular surgery

Natural remedies for those not eligible for medical intervention include;

Korean red ginseng, which is also known as Panax ginseng
Pomegranate juice

Lifestyle changes are the same as with any other health question. Stop smoking drinking, take exercise, reduce stress, anxiety, eat healthy, and get some sleep.


Diabetes mellitus refers to two flavors of diseases affecting blood sugar or glucose. Type I and Type II Diabetes although having different causes both result in an imbalance of the blood sugar leading to serious health problems.

For someone suffering from Type I Diabetes they will generally need to inject insulin as their bodies don’t naturally produce enough to stay healthy, where as Type II is acquired through environmental factors such as obesity and treated with Weight loss, Healthy eating, Regular exercise, Possibly, diabetes medication or insulin therapy, and Blood sugar monitoring.

It is Prediabetes and Type II Diabetes that can be managed and has also been seen to be reversed using health lifestyle changes. This of cause has been a hotly disputed claim between health advocates and Big Pharma who are seen to have a vested interest in the continued existence of Diabetes in both its forms.

A Compromised Immune System

As we have seen with the Covid-19 there seems to be some discrepancies in its behavior, why does it kill some and pass others by with minor symptoms. This has not yet been explained by science but it’s early days, so who knows how long it will take to answer this question. In the absence of an answer perhaps we can hazard a guess and suggest a healthy immune system may have something to do with it? It could make sense, if the medical professions are reporting people with underlying illness are dying en mass this could be an example of a compromised immune system failing to protect the victim.

Of course, the jury is still out and could be for some time, but that doesn’t mean we all shouldn’t take action to protect ourselves in anyway possible. To this end, I implore you to start taking care of yourself by following the very simple suggestions at the bottom of this page.

Your Skin

You may not have known this but your skin is a good measure of the condition of your Immune System. While your immune system is ticking over in good condition your skin will look healthy but in situations where the immune system is weakened the skin is vulnerable to inflammation, hypersensitivity, and difficulty healing from trauma.

When skin suffers trauma it responds by flooding the trauma site with specialized immune cells known as ‘macrophages’ which clean and prevent infection, and encourage new growth. If this is compromised it may struggle to offer protection against harmful bacteria and infections.

Equally, a hyperactive system can be dangerous due to the possibility of reacting against harmless particles like pollen triggering the chemical rush of inflammatory chemicals like histamine, causing swelling and itchiness.

Your Bone Marrow

In ‘New Borns’ the Marrow or spongy tissue inside the bones resides in the most of the bones as active Marrow, by adulthood it’s only found in the spine, hip and shoulder bones, ribs, breastbone, skull, the richest sources being in the spine.

It’s job is to produces red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells, all having specific responsibilities.

For example the red blood cells are filled with a protein called haemoglobin which attracts oxygen and carbon dioxide which is in turn transported through the body where oxygen is delivered to our brain and other organs, and carbon dioxide expelled though the lungs.

Where as the platelets are the paramedic blood cells sent to the site of trauma with the responsibility of coagulation to stop bleeding. The natural born killers of the immune system are the white blood cells, of which there are many different types, and this is where it gets complicated…

White blood cells also known as leukocytes can be further sub divided in to granulocytes or agranulocytes, and yet again;

In short, these leukocytes are responsible for the following jobs, Neutrophil defends against bacterial or fungal infection, Eosinophil responds to allergies, parasitic infections, collagen diseases, and disease of the spleen and central nervous system. Basophil are responsible for allergic and antigen response by releasing the chemical histamine causing the dilation of blood vessels, Monocyte help remove dead cell debris as well as attack microorganisms. Lastly Lymphocytes are responsible for the B cells that make antibodies that can bind to pathogens, the T cells that help coordinate the immune response, and production of Natural Killer Cells.

To go into more depth here would be beyond scope because it’s a massive subject worthy of an encyclopedic entry. Suffice to say, the white blood cells are the gate keepers responsible for keeping your body safe from all manner of infections. So, a Bone Marrow problem brought about by a compromised immune system can effect the production and effectiveness of blood cell production, opening up the sufferer up to numerous conditions with no way to fight them off.

Your Spleen

The Spleen is a pulpy type tissue located under the rib-cage and above the stomach responsible for filtering blood to clear out old damaged red blood cells. This organ also controls the amount of blood cells stored in the body in order to fight infection. If it detects dangerous bacteria, or other microorganisms it will send out white blood cells or lymphocytes to take up the fight against the invader. Following the successful action the spleen will save any useful components from the old blood cells including iron to reused.

If someone is suffering from a spleen issue relating to compromised immune system a possible condition could be a enlarged spleen, with symptoms such as pain in the upper left abdomen spreading to the shoulder, fatigue, anemia, bleeding easily, or feeling full without eating.

These are serious conditions and the sufferer should seek medical advise as soon as possible. However, it should be noted that in the worse case scenario a person can life happily without a spleen, because other organs like the liver and lymph nodes can take on the fight.

Your Tonsils

The mysterious Tonsils are part of your immune system containing white blood cells located at the throat and palate, designed to stop germs entering the body through the mouth or the nose.

Interestingly the Tonsils are made up of 4 formations that are collectively known as ‘Waldeyer’s Ring’ and forms a protective ring around the opening to the throat from the mouth and nose. These 4 formations are known individually as Pharyngeal or Adenoid located on the roof of Pharynx, Tubal tonsils again located on the roof of Pharynx, Lingual tonsils located behind the tongue, and the only two visual formations called Palatine tonsils, located each side of the oropharynx.

If you were thinking the tonsils had anything to do with the formation hanging down from the roof of the month, this is the uvula designed to helps push food toward your throat.

With a compromised immune system the palatine tonsils can be inflamed to become tonsillitis which sometimes requires surgery depending on the severity. As we all know, it’s certainly survivable to go without these tonsils.

Your Lymph Nodes

Lymph nodes are another mysterious subject for many, but basically they are small glands that filter lymph which is a clear fluid circulating through the lymphatic system. These nodes are like a military checkpoint protecting us against bacteria, viruses, and abnormal or diseased cells and are located in the armpits, under the jaw, side of the neck, side of the groin, and above the collarbone.

These glands can become swallow due to many different reasons, some more serious than others, from ear infection, cold or flu, tooth infection, to serious conditions such as HIV, cancers, lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. If you have a swelling in your groin, you might consider getting checked out for syphilis or gonorrhea, just saying….

Treatment for swollen lymph nodes can vary as do the reasons for the swelling. For example, a lymph gland maybe swollen due to an infection, in which case the treatment for that infection will result in the swelling reducing. In the cases where a lymph gland is swollen as a symptom to a greater threat such as cancer, treatment must be sort for the root cause.

Your Endocrine System (hormones)

1. Hypothalamus
2. Pituitary glad
3. Thyroid
4. Parathyroid
5. Thymus
6. Adrenal gland
7. Pancreas
8. Ovary
9. Testicles

We have been talking about the individual areas on the body and how they fit into the immune system in general. The endocrine and immune system has a shared workload, both of them working hard with multiple immune processes.

Made up of the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries (in females) and testicles (in males) its name is derived from the Greek words “endo,” meaning within, and “crinis,” meaning to secrete. The simplest way we can describe the endocrine system is it operates within every organ in the body, selecting and removing materials from the blood, processing these materials and secreting the finished product to the appropriate parts of the body.

So how do you know if there’s an issue with your endocrine system?

If hormone levels are too high or too low this could indicate an issue in your endocrine system, additionally, stress, infection and changes in the blood fluid and a patients electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels. Typically, managing endocrine disorders is all about stabilizing hormone levels with medication, careful to balance hormone levels safely on individual merit, with particular focus on the reproductive system, particularly in women.

If you have been reading through all these posts it will come as no surprise to you the most common endocrine disease in the United States is Diabetes.

Body Parts Effected By Age


As we age our eyes will become tired an need some TLC, so best to look after them , they are the only set we are issued with. So what can we expect as we get older? Hopefully, we are all looking after our sight with regular checkup and prescription upgrades as well as living the healthiest life possible.

Sometimes it doesn’t matter how hard we try, things just happen, so let’s look at some conditions that can occur but can be fixed with good health regimes.

Floating spots in the field of vision could be a condition called vitreous detachment.  Caused when the eye’s gel-like interior liquefies separates from the retina, a suddenly shower of spots and floaters required medical advise.

Pain and redness even vomiting can be a symptom of glaucoma capable of permanently damage so seek treatment as soon as possible.

Double vision can be caused by a number of conditions but it could be a sign of a stroke so treat this as an emergency.

Dark shadow across field of vision could be a sign of a detached retina, which needs to be reattached so please seek help.

A Narrowing field of view could be another symptom of glaucoma so again, seek assistance as soon as possible.

Red and Irritable eyes could be dry eye syndrome which is more of a nuisance than a problem, but you will want to seek medical help to reduce the symptoms.


Hair is probably the first thing we notice going south as we age. As early as our 30’s people can see slight changes beginning with graying caused by a reduction in pigment produced in aging hair follicles.

We can also see a dryness caused by the oil glands in the scalp shrinking so the oil fails to reach the hair. Thinning hair can also be experienced giving the appearance of baldness. Sometimes people can see their hair fall out with brushing caused by brittle hair that also looks dull.

There are treatments to help the look and feel of aging hair. As always the first treatment is a healthy lifestyle but after this you can add color to take out the grey, moisturize dry with gentle shampoos, add Myoxin to thinning hair to add body, and use protein rich conditioners to strengthen brittle hair.


We only have one set of teeth and even knowing this doesn’t make us want to visit the dentist does it? Like always a healthy lifestyle is going to help keep your teeth stay in good condition but somethings are unavoidable.

After a life time of chewing and grinding and maybe some abuse in terms of sugary treats it’s inevitable a visit to the dentist is going to happen. Even with our best efforts there are some cleaning processes we can’t carry out ourselves and we may also need some corrective work done.

Provided we have been looking after our teeth it maybe we only need a few extractions through our life and some cleaning rather than any other major work such as a complete replacement. In addition to normal wear and tear be aware that stress can cause issues with teeth through grinding and jaw stresses so also tell your dental care giver about your personal needs so they can offer the best treatment.

Signs that maybe we have a problem would be bleeding gums, receding teeth, loose teeth, or bad breath, all of which should prompt a visit to the dentist.

The best way apart from a healthy lifestyle to protect your teeth is the brush twice a day, floss every day, and keep hydrated as saliva actively helps clean teeth and protects your mouth from decay.


Lips will naturally thin with age as collagen production decreases and the appearance of lines is unavoidable after a lifetime of talking, smiling, eating, drinking and smoking. Unfortunately for women some lip hair is seen due to changes in hormonal levels together with dryness and flaking.

To treat the ageing effect on the lips Restylane Silk which is a hyaluronic acid can be used to plump up thinning lips by injecting particles using a fine needle. This will reduce the thinning lips and the appearance of fine lines. A very simple treatments for unwanted hair include tweezing and waxing although there are laser and
prescription cream options. For dry and flaking lips applying products containing hyaluronic acid, vitamin E, hydrating oils and antioxidants can help to hydrate.


From as early as mid 20’s skin can begin to show the first signs of ageing with fine line and wrinkles appearing followed by loss of volume and elasticity. The ageing process occurs for a number of reasons connected to the unstoppable course of nature, but there are also some conditions that cause premature ageing such as diet, physical environment, to lack of protection.

All the symptoms of skin ageing are the same whether caused by nature or premature ageing, which include wrinkles, loss of volume and elasticity. In terms of premature ageing the prevention is better than the cure as always. So better to keep out of the sun and wear sunscreen at all times, re-frame from smoking and drinking heavily. Eat a well balance diet and keep active. In short, one needs to live like an angle if perfect skin in old age is the general aim.


Our vital organs begin to age in adulthood as ageing occurs in all cells, tissues, and organs. This is because we are made of living cells and all living cells are built with the same structure, meaning their demise will be more or less uniform.

We all have 3 basic forms of tissue, Connective tissue that holds us together, Epithelial tissue providing covering and linings inside the body for the gastrointestinal system for example. The third type is Muscle tissue which is sub divided into an additional 3 types. Striated muscles that move the skeleton, Smooth muscles like internal organs, Cardiac muscle for the heart , and Nerve tissue used in the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves.

As we age there are a number of processes that remain hard coded, and these are known by a general term Atrophy, but what is it and how does it work?

On one hand cells can enlarge when there is an increase in proteins but not increase in the cells fluid creating a state of Hypertrophy. On the other hand cells can shrink enough to kill the tissue which is known as Atrophy. This is a normal process of ageing occurring most commonly in the skeletal muscle, heart, brain, sex organs such as the breasts and ovaries. At the same time the bones grow thinner and weaker.

Bones, Joints Muscles

When I was researching this piece I really though this was going to be a separate paragraph but it looks like it is covered by the ‘organs‘ section above. At least that’s the way it looks to me because it does talk about how different muscle groups and bones are effected by age. The ageing of Joints is really implicit in that section touching on the Striated muscles that’s responsible for moving the skeleton. I hope you the reader agrees with me, otherwise I will feel like I’ve short changed you but that’s not my intention.

Digestive System


So here we are at the Digestive System, and we start with a statistic of 40% of adults suffer from one or more age-related digestive condition each year. As we age things start to slow down so we need to keep this in mind as the years pass us by. We can at least try to avoid as many problems as possible.

Numerous conditions are waiting for us but with some forward thinking it’s possible to reduce the effect of these conditions, that include Constipation, Diverticular Disease, Ulcers,  NSAIDs, Polyps, and GERD.

One or two of these conditions you have no doubt heard of , such as Constipation and Ulcers, but what about those other conditions? Well, let’s start at the beginning.

Constipation for those in their 60s and 70s  is one of the most common complaints with symptoms of painful, infrequent, hard movements caused by the slowing down of the material passing through the colon. As the process is slowed more and more water is absorbed from the waste making it more difficult to pass. Not only this but inactivity can also be contributory factor as people age,  and become more sedentary. What does not help is someone requiring surgery will have this condition exasperated by narcotic pain relievers.

So, digestive speed and dehydration caused by medication seem to be a driving force behind Constipation and it’s not surprising when you put the pieces together. Staying hydrated can go a long way to avoiding constipation but many sufferers are taking medication such as calcium channel blockers for high blood pressure or narcotics to relieve pain after surgery which are in fact Diuretics. Not only does this cause the condition to worsen but the sufferer may also avoid hydrating to avoid multiple trips to the bathroom.

Diverticular Disease is common to around 50% of people aged 60 and over and although most of the time it does not present with symptoms. It sometimes causes inflammation called diverticulitis causing abdominal pain, cramping, fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting, which will require antibiotics and pain relief.

The cause of Diverticular Disease isn’t fully understood but the cause of the symptoms is known to be small pouches in the lining of the colon bulging along weak areas in the intestinal wall. As we age it’s more likely we produce these pockets although luckily, many people will not show any symptoms such as gas, bloating, cramps, and constipation.

Ulsers we have all heard of but what the heck are NSAIDs? Many older adults use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to control chronic conditions like arthritis, but regular use of these NSAIDs can increase the risk of stomach bleeding and ulcers. So, although the idea of having Ulsers may be linked to aging it’s not necessarily the case, because it’s more likely a side effect of taking NSAIDs. Anyone relying on these medications should keep an eye out for symptoms such as vomiting blood or passing dark or bloody stools and seek advise from their healthcare provider if they appear.

Polyps are another joy we can look forward to as we enter our 50s. They are small growths in the colon probably the cause of diet or genetics but the jury is still out on the real root cause. These growths can be either be cancerous or noncancerous and usually present no symptoms. This is why screening colonoscopies are recommended for those over 50, and if found during the screening process will be removed. As a note, those families with a history or colon cancer are in a high risk group and should choose to be screened earlier.

GERD? What’s that?!  You may well ask, because this is one I had never heard of before starting my journey to find a healthy lifestyle. (GERD) or Gastroesophageal reflux disease is apparently the most common upper GI disorder or Gastrointestinal Disorders in adults although any age group can be susceptible.

This condition occurs when the stomach acids back up into the esophagus causing heartburn. This in itself is more common is older people due to eating at odd hours and eating the wrong foods (fast junk food). Obesity can increases the risk for heartburn and GERD and so too can some blood pressure medications. But again we are seeing the same message that poor diet is a contributory factor.


Everyone forgets stuff from time to time, sometimes it’s frustrating and starts to feel like the mind has turned to jelly, but is it an age thing, or something else?

It’s easy to start to think of the worst case scenario like Alzheimer’s disease and the slow decline into complete shutdown, but it’s more likely not your worst nightmare come true. There are a number of reasons or causes for memory lapse, sometimes it’s just age for sure, but there is also a connection to medication and Emotional Problems.

On the serious side of the scale there are some conditions that can cause memory problems. These need to be treated before they will improve. These Medical conditions that may include:

-Tumors, blood clots, Brain infections.
-Thyroid, kidney, or Liver disorders
-Drinking heavy
-Head injury
-Medication Side Effects
-Poor Diet- Too few vitamins and minerals (like vitamin B12)

Yet again we are seeing how poor diet and vitamin deficient is causing more problems!

On the emotional side we have some old friends that we have come across many times before. Stress, anxiety, depression can be brought on be a change of circumstance such as, death, job loss, retirement, boredom, loneliness, the list is endless. These are all valid reasons for the emotional distress that can effect memory and be mistaken for something else.  Just know, in this situation you can talk to a friend for advise, find a doctor or counselor who can treat you in many ways from counseling to medication, but the most important thing to understand is this is a temporary issue.


Cosmetic treatments on the whole will be of interest to a particular section of society so they are included here, although seemingly quite aggressive may offer a workable option to some people. Let’s have a look at the list of treatment we found to be popular.

1 Chemical Peel
2 Injectables
3 Microdermabrasion
4 Fillers

Chemical Peel is a process of removing the top layer of skin to reveal the underlying layer on new skin. Used for removing brown spots and hyper-pigmentation the process works by applying either glycolic, lactic, alpha or beta hydroxy to the face from a few minutes to over night depending on the strength of the formula.

The results are visible after about one week although skin may by irritated or sensitive during this time.

Injectables is the process eliminating lines and wrinkles between the eyes, across the forehead, and around the eyes, often by using Botox injections containing purified toxins which block muscle contractions under the skin. This is a treatment with results that will last up to 4 months before requiring a repeat. This is a treatment that should only be opted for after consulting your personal physician.

Microdermabrasion is the process of removing flaky dry skin, bumps, and sun spots by the use of textured metal wand that scrapes off the top layer of skin cells and vacuums them away. Essentially this is an aggressive exfoliation technique that gives an instant result that lasts up to three weeks.

Fillers or dermal fillers are similar to collagen, the body’s natural skin ‘plumpers’ and ‘firmers’ that are produced at high levels in young bodies, but taper off into older age. The fillers are injected into the shallow areas to reduce lost volume and fill in Wrinkle with results lasting up to 6 months to a year.

These processes are purely cosmetic so do not help with any long term health benefits either internally or externally.

Using Retinoids

According to retinoids are a class of chemical compounds that are vitamers of vitamin A or are chemically related to it, and have found use in medicine where they regulate epithelial cell growth.

They have become the One-Stop-Shop skin solution. Commonly used in their over the counter form as retinol to treat acne, signs of aging, such as lines and wrinkles plus unclogging pores and evening out skin. This is achieved as the retinol is applied to the skin the top layer is sloughed off to reveal new skin underneath.

Using retinoids can give good results but can often cause dry irritated, redness, flaking, and peeling skin if not used carefully. The best way to apply is to ease into the treatment cautiously using a pea size amount and apply every other day. Once your skin has become accustomed to the treatment you can move to start using the product on a nightly basis.

Face Cleansers
If there is one thing we have learned recently while being in Covid-19 lock-down is that washing hands on a regular basis with soap and water is the way to prevent passing infection by touch. Now let’s look at that statement. If we are washing our hands on a regular basis to keep clean we are doing two things here. We are cleansing and we are cleansing multiple times which can start drying out the hands and damaging the skin, but as I have not experienced this. So what?

Well, it got me thinking if I am using a good quality soap with no side effects with regular use then why buy expensive exfoliating products when a standard good quality soap can work just as well? It’s just a thought…..

Watch What You Eat

Well, we have been here a number of times haven’t we? It seems with every subject, with every condition, and every treatment it keeps circling around to diet or more accurately, ‘intake’.  As I have been saying from the start, nutrition is the single most important subject when it comes to both anti-ageing and general health. The best and most direct way to reverse the signs of ageing including many age related conditions, is changing what you put in your body.

Basically, we need to understand that our bodies are very resilient but if you treat them like a trash can for long enough, they will start to complain. You wouldn’t put diesel in a gasoline powered car and expect it to run smooth, right?

Consider Supplements

There are times when we need a little help and this is when you can reach out to supplements IF the situation dictates their use. The one thing I would say is not all supplements are equal, and not all supplements will help your cause. That might appear counter intuitive reading that statement on a website dedicated to anti-ageing supplements and to some extent you would be right, but think about this….

Education and knowledge will give you freedom to make informed decisions about your requirements. This site is not about selling you rubbish you don’t want or need, and will never help you. This site is all about understanding the body’s requirements and how to become healthy and stay healthy, and that, in short, is mainly through the correct intake of nutrition and exercise. It’s just taken a long time to get to this position.


Medical and or Physical is where procedures are carried out that are not Cosmetic, Psychological, or Supplement based, but medical procedures using tools or processes that physically effects the patient.

Crystal Clear Comcit Elite

This is the process microdermabrasion, cryotherapy, micro-needling and skin infusion around the face promotes new collagen growth. The initial microdermabrasion removes the top layer of dead skin, before micro-needling and a ‘stem cell serum’is applied to the surface of the skin. Finally, the patient is given oxygen treatment and face-mask is the peeled off.
This treatment is primarily for acne or sun-damage.

The Sculpting Facial

Although this is a massage treatment so doesn’t involve machinery or chemicals it’s in this section because combines lymphatic massage which is a type of gentle stroking that encourages the natural drainage of the lymph glands, and a contouring massage.
It can minimize the size of your pores, reduce wrinkles and improve the tone of your skin.

The Oxygen Workout

This treatment consists of freezing the skin and the injecting of hyaluronic acid into the epidermis. First the skin is blasted with dry ice from a Cool Lifting Gun freezing to -20c, followed a carbon dioxide and hyaluronic acid mixture is injected into the epidermis. This is to hydrate the skin 1,000 times its own weight making it appear more radiant.
Finally, a facial massage is given to help ease puffiness, sculpt facial contours, boost circulation and ease tension from muscles.

Caci Synergy Facial

This treatment has been around for a couple of decades developed to treat palsy patients. It applies electrical impulses to the facial muscles to strengthen and tighten reducing the effect of sagging tissue. This stimulation restores blood flow to the muscles to produce elasticity and firmness.


This is basically an advanced form of exfoliating where by an ultra-fine scalpel is used to remove the outermost layers of dead and polluted cells leaving the skin receptive to moisturizers. The second phase is to pump hydrating serums deep into my newly exfoliated skin plumping it up.

Facial Stem Cell Rejuvenation

This treatment is designed to restore lost volume and reduce wrinkles. By injecting stem cells taken from another part of the patients body in the face, this treatment stimulates the skin’s own ability to repair itself. A relatively painful process this will require recovery time of a few days for the bruising to reduce.


Home work-out is free and sets you on the track to fitness. Working out will help lose weight, tone up and releases endorphins into the blood stream making you feel energized and positive. This helps to give energy and also helps to aid sleep that’s so very important for overall physical and mental health.


Pilates is a philosophy put into action where age should be nothing more than a number. With Pilates the aim is to reach health, happiness strength, and fitness through physical a exercise program focusing on the spine. Take care of your spine and joints and develop strength and flexibility creates resilience that translates to fitness in old age. Without Pilates or similar exercise can lead to ageing of the body to produce acute or chronic pain and lost mobility.


Often confused with Pilates in terms of aims, Yoga is a systematic study dating back to around the 5th and 6th centuries BCE that has been reinvented for the modern western would. Outside its birth place Yoga has largely developed into a posture-based physical fitness, stress-relief and relaxation technique.

In practice the positive effects of Yoga can be seen as both physical and mental as the body effects the postures to stretch and strengthen the body, at the same time developing a state of calm.




Contrary to popular belief hypnotherapy is not a con trick or a stage show used to baffle the feeble minded. This is a well establish treatment of suggestion used to establish an understanding of self and the discovery of personal truth. In many ways it has commonality with CBT in terms of its introspection but has more focus on relaxation to attain realization. Imagine a patient having the inability to sleep. A hypnotherapist will ask the patient to relax and listen to their voice which will be designed to make subliminal suggestions by the use of volume and intonation bring the patient to a state of relaxation. Now the subject is ready to delve into reasons for their insomnia.

Basically, at the heart of hypnotherapy is the idea that the patience already knows the reason for their problems but has failed to recognize those problems, therefore failing to resolve the issue without help. Hypnosis can be used successfully for both physical and mental problems from stopping smoking to pain relief. For a brief history of hypnosis read Neil French’s explanation.

Cognitive Behavior Therapy CBT

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a psycho-social intervention designed to improve mental health by re-mapping false beliefs responsible for the creation of negative thoughts and behavior.

Focus is on studying the patients distorted thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes towards themselves or the outside world and the triggers that are the precursor to negative thoughts, emotions, and actions. Consider someone who is widely irritated by a barking dog and have no control over that dog. Basically it is pointless becoming angered or agitated by this dog as it can not be controlled.

Instead, the patient is brought to a state of understanding that the barking is a trigger for a negative state of mind, and that the only control the patient has is over themselves. Therefore, if the dog can not be controlled, the patient must control themselves by shifting the mindset to a positive one. At this point they can begin to realize he or she is not benefiting from those negative thoughts. Once it is understood that dog has no understanding of the pain it is causing, we can start to see the dog is simply distressed at being alone and should be given sympathy not condemnation.


This really is a No-Brainer provided you don’t have medical advise against pursuing this activity, or suffering from a condition that prevents you from doing so. It’s fun, intimate, it’s an energetic cardio exercise that releases pleasure endorphins in addition to the happy ending. This all adds up to a great relief and pleasure that both wears you out bringing you to a state of well-being. In short, it can be an anti-stress exercise and a great workout. If you can, you should have sex!


When we speak of ant-ageing supplements there are two main areas we are referring to.

The first is the idea of replacing naturally occurring vitamins to top up the body’s own levels, in an attempt to improve overall health.  The second is the idea of using specially developed products designed to help boost or replace lost materials to improve general health and fitness.

The first thing I would like to talk about is the replacement or enhancement of the naturally occurring materials in the body.

These are chemicals we’ve all heard about and spent a lot of time trying to understand how important they are, or whether taking them as a supplement is either helpful or safe.

The list of herbs and treatments for health are expansive as they originate from every culture you care to name. But for this piece let’s concentrate of western theory of medicine. We should also limit the list to the most important elements for good health and a strong immune system.

We are all familiar vitamins D, C, B12, we know about Zinc and Magnesium, it’s possible you may be aware of D-Aspartic Acid and Fenugreek as well?

I know I’ve bought vitamins in the super market without questioning which ones I need or if they really work, so how can we know what’s best for us? Let’s take a look at what these vitamins and minerals do for use, we can look deeper into their use in the article Boosting Your Immune System to fight Covid 19 here.

Vitamin B12 or cobalamin is a very important vitamin involved in the metabolism of every cell of the body. It’s responsible for the normal functioning of the nervous system as it’s main function the synthesis of myelin which in turn is responsible for the maturation of developing red blood cells in the bone marrow. This of course is a vital component of the immune system.

The important thing to know about Vitamin B12 is that the body does not produce its own supply so we need to get from elsewhere, and on a regular basis too, because it is not stored for any length of time.

So where can we get it and what happens if we have a deficiency?

Common sources of B12 in food stuffs are dairy products, fish, meat and poultry, if you are looking for a vegetarian diet then you will need to seek out foods fortified with B12, or look at B12 supplements.

If we find that we have a deficiency in B12 this could be a direct result of a diet lacking enough B12 rich foods, such as a vegan or vegetarian diet without eating enough eggs or dairy products in the case of a vegetarian, or any supplements in the case of a vegan. This could also be a general sign of ageing as the absorption rate drops as we age. Other reasons could include a number medical conditions and or medications which your medical care provider would have advised you about, as well as heavy drinking.

If you’re in a risk group due to diet or other medical conditions look out for possible symptoms of B12 deficiency. The list of possible symptoms is extensive but as an individual you should have a good idea if something is out of the ordinary. Look out for weakness, tiredness, heart palpitations, shortness of breath, pale skin, a smooth tongue, constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, gas, numbness or tingling, muscle weakness, and problems walking, loss of vision, depression, memory loss, or behavioral changes.

Medical treatment for B12 deficiency or pernicious anemia is a series of vitamin shots followed by nasal delivery.

Of cause it’s better to avoid this serious deficiency in the first place by being careful. Remember to eat enough meat, poultry, seafood, dairy products, and eggs, or if you are not eating meat or dairy products add vitamin B12-fortified grains and supplements. The same goes for older adults who may not absorb this mineral well, in which case daily B12 supplement or a multivitamin that contains B12 is a good option.

Vitamin D is one of the heroes of good health, and although there are discussions about the daily recommended dose the good news is, you cant overdose on D, but the benefit of having sufficient is priceless. It’s a most potent inhibitors of cancer cell growth, stimulates the pancreas to produce insulin and regulates your immune system. It’s responsible for the development of healthy bones through absorption of calcium, lowering of high blood pressure, reduced risk of diabetes, heart attacks, rheumatoid arthritis, or multiple sclerosis.

A Vitamin D deficiency can lead to osteoporosis and recent evidence links low levels of the vitamin D to an increased risk of type 1 diabetes, muscle and bone pain, cancers of the breast, colon, prostate, ovaries, esophagus, and lymphatic system.

If we know the dangers of a vitamin D deficiency how can we get as much as possible?

In terms of getting enough vitamin D in a daily dietary regime it’s difficult know if its possible as we age. At 70 years of age it’s recommended 600 IU per day that equates to around 6 glasses of fortified milk which may not a likely intake. It’s also been proven in studies that exposure to UV light for long periods of time can reduce high blood pressure, but of cause, we know how dangerous UV light is to our health.

If we can’t get enough through sunlight of a regular diet as we age then what’s the answer? In short, the answer is very simple provided we don’t have a serious deficiency and all it takes is a daily supplement regimen.

As an overdose is not possible your intake of vitamins does need to be a serious endeavour although it has been suggested the upper limit should be 2,000 IU a day. Government guidelines have suggest the following vitamin D intake

200 IU a day up to the age of 50
400 IU from 51 to 70
600 IU over age 70.

So the outcome is clear. Regardless of our diet it is beneficial to eat fortified food stuffs and add supplements to of daily regime.

Vitamin C is another super hero of the immune system and one of the safest and most effective nutrients.

Although it may not be a cure for he common cold it can help prevent serious complications and gives protection against immune system deficiencies, cardiovascular disease, prenatal health problems, eye disease, and even skin wrinkling. This is already a formidable list but the health benefits don’t end there.

This super hero of the vitamin world is known to help lower blood pressure and cholesterol, production of collagen for healthy skin, the absorption of iron helping the immune system. Vitamin C works to maintain cartilage, teeth, bones, reduce inflammation and reduced muscular degeneration, and is one of many antioxidants that can protect against free radicals and environmental toxins that contribute to the development of serious conditions like arthritis, heart disease and cancer.

Amazingly, research has shown vitamin C may also offer health benefits to those suffering from stress, colds, and reduce the risk of stroke.

For example, it has been seen to be beneficial to individuals whose immune system was weakened due to stress which is an all too common condition in the modern world, and although it may not cure the common cold studies show it protects from more serious complication like pneumonia and lung infections. The idea that vitamin C can be beneficial in lowering the risk of stroke according to the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition is still a debated issue.

Where are we getting our daily dose of vitamin C?

Good food stuffs offering vitamin C are varied and readily available such as vegetables green and red pepper, broccoli, sweet potatoes, leafy greens, brussel sprouts, cauliflower, and cabbage. Fruits that contain vitamin C are citrus fruits, strawberries, tomatoes, raspberries, blueberries and pineapples.

Like vitamin D it can not be stored in the body so overdose is not any kind of issue, although unlike vitamin D, and excessive amount of vitamin C in excess of 2,000 milligrams can cause stomach upset and diarrhea.

What does a vitamin C Deficiency look like?

A vitamin C deficiency is not a common issue today but is often seen as a historical disease through malnutrition at sea, with conditions such as scurvy aboard ship.

With fruit and veg being freely available it’s easy to get a good amount of vitamin C, although unless an individual eats a lot of fruit and veg like five servings a day it’s worth taking a dietary supplement. Due to the fact that the upper limit is 2,000 milligrams a day it can be advisable to use non-acidic forms of the vitamin.

Zinc is an essential trace element found in a multiple systems including the immune system responsible vision, wound healing, blood clotting, and thyroid function for proper growth and maintenance. It may also help protect against viruses as it appears to reduce the symptoms of rhinovirus or the common cold and fight herpes, although science has not explained how or why

This essential trace element that is required for good health is not stored in the body so needs to be consumed on a regular basis. Common sources of zinc in the diet are red meat, poultry, and fish, seafood, dairy products, nuts, legumes, and whole grains.

A Zinc deficiency can be serious and can cause a long list of problems.

These include;
-Stunted or slowed growth
-Low insulin levels
-Loss of appetite
-Generalized hair loss
-Rough and dry skin
-Slow wound healing
-Poor sense of taste and smell
-Inability of testes and ovaries to function

If you are not eating any of the recommended foods for some reason a good option for you would be vitamin supplements should you be seeing any of the mentioned symptoms.

Magnesium is important to the body helping to regulate blood pressure, strengthen bones and keep heart rhythm steady. We can usually get enough of the mineral from natural food stuffs like green leafy vegetables, like spinach, nuts, beans, peas, and soybeans, and whole-grain cereals.

The recommended dose is quite complicated so deficiencies and overdose is also a complex issue. Overdose runs the risk of side effects like nausea, cramps, diarrhea, low blood pressure, muscle weakness, fatigue, and very high doses can be fatal.

What does Magnesium deficiency look like?

Adults consuming less than the required amount of magnesium can have elevated inflammation markers in the blood which in turn can effect major health conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, certain cancers and increased risk of osteoporosis.

Deficiency is a rare thing and more likely to occur in people who have;

kidney disease
Crohn’s disease or other conditions that affect digestion
Parathyroid problems
Take drugs for diabetes and cancer
Older adults
Abuse alcohol

Daily safe dosages according to webmd are;

1-3 years 80 mg/day
4-8 years 130 mg/day
9-13 years 240 mg/day

14-18 years 360 mg/day
19-30 years 310 mg/day
31 years and over 320 mg/day

Under 19 years: 400 mg/day
19 to 30 years: 350 mg/day
31 years and up: 360 mg/day

Under 19 years: 360 mg/day
19 to 30 years: 310 mg/day
31 years and up: 320 mg/day

14-18 years 410 mg/day
19-30 years 400 mg/day
31 years and up 420 mg/day

Why take Magnesium supplements?

Magnesium supplements can be used to treat conditions like eclampsia during pregnancy and severe asthma attacks and it is also the main ingredient in many antacids and laxatives as it causes a softening of the stool.

People who should not take Magnesium supplements without first consulting with their health care provider, as those suffering with diabetes, intestinal disease, heart disease or kidney disease and people taking diuretics, heart medicines, or antibiotics.

D-Aspartic Acid is an amino acid designed as a building block to make proteins in the body

It is thought D-Aspartic Acid works by increasing or decreasing testosterone levels to reduce feelings of tiredness, improve athletic performance, and increase the size and strength of muscles.

Supplement Products

Moving on to supplement products for anti-ageing we can compartmentalize these into certain areas for better understanding, allowing us to drill down to the types of products available.

For example, we can select gender based products designed to enhance gender specific requirements so we have Men’s Health and Women’s Health. Then we can have general section for Anti-Aging which is non gender specific , so too Skin Care and Hair Products. Directly related to anti-ageing products and probably one of the biggest sections is the Sexual Health category.

Just to give you an idea of the scope of this industry I will leave you with a listing of products that fall under these sections, and link out to more in depth explanations as they are added to this site.

Men’s Health

Women’s Health


Skin Care


Sexual Health

For the moment you will see that few if non of these products have links out in depth explanations or reviews, but these will be forthcoming.

The Take Away

Covid-19 is not going away anytime soon, and as we wait for a vaccine we will continue to maintain a social distance and save the lives of our loved ones. If a compromised immune system is exacerbating the dead toll of those with underlying conditions it’s more important that ever to take control by making small lifestyle changes to improve your chances.

Throughout this article and indeed, throughout most of these articles on this site there is a theme running through them. It has become clear that the most important issue of the day in terms of general health is diet, or should I say ‘intake’ because I am not talking about any particular diet or fad.

Huge numbers of people are developing illness directly linked to poor nutrition and lack of exercise, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases, and forever these people are offered medication or surgery as an answer. It’s becoming more and more clear that a lifestyle change would be more beneficial in terms of reducing or in the case of diabetes type 2, reversing the condition with dietary and lifestyle changes.

While you may not fully agree, or you may be waiting for some kind of confirmation from Big Pharma or Big Food, this could be a long time coming. With this in mind, you surely can not lose anything by assuming it to be true, and start making some small changes to help your health.

After all my research and experience of suffering chronic pain and depression over two decades I have discovered the most important thing I wish I found sooner. With a slight change in mind-set and armed with new information about exercise and nutrition I finally turned my life around at 50 years old.

I now have a better mental outlook, more energy, less pain, and optimism for the future. Plus, I’m losing weight and gaining some muscle even now I am in my 50’s.  And how?  Simple lifestyle changes that have been easier to adopt than I ever though possible only 2 years ago.

The formula is so simple it’s hard to believe, a safe exercise regime, balanced healthy diet withjunk margins“, anti-stress exercises which could be anything you like. Talking to friends, reading a book, burning a candle, doing yoga, hypnosis, or what ever captures your imagination, and lastly an appropriate health supplement if needed.

This is all I needed to rebuild my life to be fit, healthy, happy, energized, and it will surely help you move forward in your quest for a longer healthier, happier life.

If this was helpful or interesting please share with others who may benefit from this post. If you have any questions or comments please feel free to drop me a line.

Thanks for visiting. See you next time.